Our governing systems, at the federal and state levels, are antidemocratic by design. Indeed, the Constitution itself may be the highest obstacle to self-government. The Senate and electoral college are masterpieces of nonrepresentation, dramatically inflating the value of voting in Wyoming and Rhode Island while discounting the votes of Californians and Floridians. The use of winner-take-all districts, as opposed to proportional voting, ensures that Massachusetts Republicans — about a third of the state — have no like-minded representation in Congress. Texas, meanwhile, sends 22 Republicans to the U.S. House and 13 Democrats, even though, excluding third-party voters, 46 percent of Texans voted for Democrats in 2020 House races.